Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry which diagnoses and treats irregularities and malocclusions of teeth and malrelations of jaws.

Most malocclusions are inherited, but some are acquired. Inherited problems include crowding of teeth, too much space between teeth, extra or missing teeth, and a wide variety of other irregularities of the jaws, teeth and face.

Acquired malocclusions can be caused by trauma(accidents), thumb, finger or dummy (pacifier) sucking, airway abstruction by tonsils and adenoids, dental disease or premature loss of primary (baby) or permanent teeth. Whether inherited or acquired, many of these problems affect not only alignment of the teeth but also facial development and appearance as well.l

The most commonly treated orthodontic problems are crowding, overjet or protruding upper teeth, deep overbite, spacing, crossbite, underbite or lower jaw protrusion.
Crooked and crowded teeth are hard to clean and maintain. This may contribute to conditions that cause not only tooth decay but also eventual gum disease and tooth loss. Other orthodontic problems can contribute to abnormal wear of tooth surfaces, inefficient chewing function, excessive stres on gum tissue and the bone that supports the teeth, or misalignment of the jaw joints, which can result inchronic headaches or pain in the face or neck.

When left untreated, many orthodontic problems become worse. Treatment by a specialist to correct the original problem is often less costly than the additional dental care required to treat more serious problems that can develop in the future. 


     Before treatment                Orthodontic treatment                  After treatment



       Before treatment                 Orthodontic treatment                 After treatment