Pedodontics refers to a branch of dentistry that specializes in meeting the unique dental needs of infants, children, and adolescents.

On the average, a baby will start getting his/her first teeth at about six months and will have 20 primary teeth by the age of 3. Keeping primary teeth healthy is important since they are necessary for chewing food effectively and speaking properly. If a primary tooth decays and abscesses, it could damage the developing bud of the permanent tooth underneath. The premature loss of a primary tooth could reduce the amount of space necessary for its permanent replacement, thus resulting in crooked teeth. Space retainers have to be used for premature primary teeth losses. 

Regardless of why a child has missing primary teeth, it's important to consider space maintainers to ensure he or she develops permanent teeth in correct locations. If one primary tooth is missing for more than a short period, the child risks other teeth becoming loose because they aren't properly supported. When this happens, the loose teeth can move into the spaces intended for other teeth. This affects permanent teeth when they erupt by guiding them into incorrect positions. 

Geeting fluoride, during the teething period whether in the drinking water or in the form of tablets or vitamins, has been proven to be up to 70 percent effective in the prevention of tooth decay.

Usually, the first permanent teeth to erupt are the child's four first molars at around the ages of 5 and 6. They do not replace any teeth but come in directly behind the child's primary second molars. The next teeth to erupt are the four permanent front teeth at around the ages of  6 and 7. The eruption of the permanent teeth is almost complete at age 13, when the second permanent molars come in. The third molars (wisdom teeth) may erupt anywhere between the ages of 16 to 21-plus years. It is quite common for wisdom teeth to be impacted in the bone and never erupt. 

Fissure sealants are a safe and painless way of protecting children's teeth from decay. A sealant is a protective plastic coating which is applied to the biting surfaces of the back teeth. The sealant forms a hard shield that keeps food and bacteria from getting into the tiny grooves in the teeth and causing decay. The process is usually quick and straightforward taking only a few minutes per tooth. The tooth is thoroughly cleaned, prepared with a special solution, and dried. The liquid sealant is then applied and allowed to set hard - usually by shining a bright light onto it. 
Sealants are often applied as soon as the permanent teeth start to come through. This is usually between 5 and 6 years of age. The rest are usually sealed as soon as they appear which can be any time between 11 and 14 years of age.



Before Sealant 



After Sealant