COSMETIC DENTISTRY

Cosmetic dentistry is the name given to a group of procedures that are performed to create a more aesthetically pleasing smile. A cosmetic dentist can whiten teeth, replace missing teeth and repair chipped teeth through a variety of cosmetic dentistry options including tooth bleaching, porcelain veneers, dental implants, bonding, porcelain crowns and dental bridges. 

Since your smile is a key part of your unique look, personality and how the world sees you, it is a crucial factor in your image, self-expression and how you interact with others. A beautiful smile will always help creating a strong and positive "first impression".  With the help of the 3-D digital dental technology and the cosmetic dentistry applications, it is now a lot easier to have natural looking,  white and brilliant teeth... 

Most of the cosmetic dentistry applications are now performed in our clinics using the CEREC system. The system is made up of an intraoral digital camera, a computer and a milling machine. The mouth is scanned digitally with the camera to create a 3D image of the teeth which is then uploaded to the design unit.  T he design unit uses the CAD/CAM software to create a 3D model the mouth which will act as a blueprint for the restoration. Once the restoration is designed digitally, it is sent to the milling machine for actual production. The milling machine creates the new tooth using a block of high quality, tooth colored ceramic block. The new tooth is then polished and securely cemented in the mouth. 

The CEREC system allows us to create the restoration during a single appointment. There is no need to use a dental lab and no need to wear temporary crowns. Since the mouth is scanned digitally, the need for unpleasant impression materials is eliminated. Since every stage of the restoration is controlled by a computer  a comfortable and precise fit is created and the new restoration will function like natural tooth. Sİnce each restoration is milled from a single solid block of porcelain, the restoration is highly resistant to cracks and fissures. The restorations produced with the CEREC system last longer than other materials used for creating restorations. 

 

  • Composite Fillings

A composite filling is a tooth-colored plastic and glass mixture used to restore decayed teeth. Composites are also used for cosmetic improvements of the smile by changing the color of the teeth or reshaping disfigured teeth.  

                                               

 

  • Porcelain Fillings

For teeth with large cavities or cavities in areas where maximum chewing pressure is required, porcelain fillings are the best option. Porcelain fillings not only match the color, but also the luster of the tooth enamel. They are virtually indistinguishable from natural teeth. They are highly resistant to staining and they can maintain their attractive color for a lifetime.

Both porcelain fillings and white composite fillings provide ultimate functionality and superior aesthetic results. Many patients choose to replace their old metal fillings with these options to strengthen their teeth and reduce the unappealing appearance of a metallic smile.

                                                        

  • Porcelain Veneers 

Porcelain veneers are thin pieces of porcelain used to recreate the natural look of teeth, while also providing strength and resilience comparable to natural tooth enamel. It is often the material of choice for those looking to make slight position alterations, or to change tooth shape, size, and/or color. To apply a veneer, a very small amount of the original tooth enamel must be removed, usually less than a millimeter. This is essential as it creates room for the porcelain veneer to fit within the mouth and most accurately restore natural tooth function while creating an even better appearance than the original tooth. The bond between original tooth and porcelain veneer is critical as it not only provides the esthetic perfection desired, but also a strong bond which is essential for correct veneer function. Light-sensitive resin is placed between the original tooth and the veneer and then hardened using a special curing light. 

Porcelain veneers are a very successful option in many situations where the original tooth has developed poor color, shape, and contours. It is also a good choice for fractured teeth, gaps between teeth, and in some situations where the tooth position is compromised and there are minor bite-related problems. For some people, superficial stains do not respond well to tooth whitening or bleaching. In these situations, a porcelain veneer may be the best option.

                                            

                                     

The poor size and shape of the front teeth is corrected with veneers and the gap between the front teeth is eliminated resulting in an aesthetic appearance. 

                                      

The poor size and shape of the front teeth is corrected with veneers and the large gap between the teeth is reduced. A minor gap is left as per the patient's request. 

                                                

  • Full Porcelain Crowns and Bridges

Full porcelain dental crowns are ideal for the restoration work of upper and/or lower front teeth as they are translucent  in color and look like natural teeth. Porcelain dental crowns replace the exterior portion of a tooth to reestablish its original function and to create a natural appearance. Crowns are the treatment of choice in situations where tooth decay has destroyed most of the original tooth, when a traumatic event has caused damage, or in cases of severe enamel erosion.

A porcelain fixed bridge replaces missing teeth by using the surrounding teeth as a foundation. This creates a literal “bridge” between the remaining teeth and the missing teeth.

Full porcelain crowns and bridges are now produced in our clinics in a single office visit using the CEREC system. 

                                        

The old porcelain fused to metal crown which resulted in receeded gumline has been replaced with a full porcelain crown and an aesthetic appearance is achieved. 

 

                                

The fracture in the front teeth has been treated with a full porcelain crown. 

  

                                

The gumline has receeded and the old crowns on the front teeth showed a metal edge to the crown which was originally hidden from view. They are replaced by full porcelain crowns and an aesthetic appearance is achieved. 

 

  • Teeth Whitening 

Teeth whitening is a procedure that lightens teeth and helps to remove stains and discoloration. Over time, our teeth can go from white to not-so-bright for a number of reasons which we can categorise as extrinsic and intrinsic reasons.

Extrinsic stains are those that appear on the surface of the teeth as a result of exposure to dark-colored beverages such as coffee, tea and red wine, foods and tobacco, and routine wear and tear as age gets older. Superficial extrinsic stains are minor and can be removed with brushing and prophylactic dental cleaning. Stubborn extrinsic stains can be removed with more involved efforts, like teeth bleaching. Persistent extrinsic stains can penetrate into the dentin and become ingrained if they are not dealt with early. 

Intrinsic stains are those that form on the interior of teeth. Intrinsic stains result from trauma, aging, exposure to minerals (like tetracycline) during tooth formation and/or excessive ingestion of fluoride. In the past, it was thought that intrinsic stains were too resistant to be corrected by bleaching. Today, cosmetic dentistry experts believe that even deep-set intrinsic stains can be removed with supervised take-home teeth whitening that is maintained over a matter of months or even a year. 

Two major teeth whitening options are available today. Both rely on varying concentrations of peroxide and varying application times.

In-Office Whitening :  significant color change in a short period of time is the major benefit of in-office whitening. This protocol involves the carefully controlled use of a relatively high-concentration peroxide gel, applied to the teeth by the dentist or trained technician after the gums have been protected with a paint-on rubber dam. Generally, the peroxide remains on the teeth for several 15 to 20 minute intervals that add up to an hour (at most). Those with particularly stubborn staining may be advised to return for one or more additional bleaching sessions, or may be asked to continue with a home-use system.

Professionally Dispensed Take-Home Kits : Many dentists are of the opinion that professionally dispensed take-home whitening kits can produce the best results over the long haul. Take-home kits incorporate an easy-to-use lower-concentration peroxide gel that remains on the teeth for an hour or longer (sometimes overnight). The lower the peroxide percentage, the longer it may safely remain on the teeth. The gel is applied to the teeth using custom-made bleaching trays that resemble mouth guards.